St Anselm's Church
The villages lie along an escarpment on the north side of a former glacial valley formed during the Ice Age and now occupied by the river Nene which flows northeast to the Wash.
There are many Iron Age settlements along this escarpment, succeeded by Roman and Anglo-Saxon farms and villages. Both Billings (Little Billing and Great Billing) and Earls Barton existed in those times. Earls Barton church has the most famous Saxon tower in the country from which the vicar preaches to the villagers on the adjoining green each year. The tower was fortified against the Danes who periodically raided the Nene valley during the Dark Ages. Both Billings are mentioned in the Domesday Book. The most interesting of these accounts is the presence of a priest in Little Billing where there is a Saxon font.